Inhibition of rat mammary carcinogenesis by inositol hexaphosphate (phytic acid). A pilot study.

Author(s): Vucenik-I, Sakamoto-K, Bansal-M, Shamsuddin-A-M.

Source: . Cancer letters 1993 Dec 10, VOL: 75 (2), P: 95-102, ISSN: 0304-3835.

Abstract:

Since phytic acid (inositol hexaphosphate, InsP6) and inositol (Ins) have been demonstrated to have anti-tumor and anti-cell proliferative action in several experimental models of carcinogenesis, in a pilot study we have examined their effect on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced rat mammary tumor model. Starting a week prior to induction with DMBA, the drinking water of female Sprague-Dawley rats was supplemented with either: 15 mM InsP6, 15 mM Ins, or 15 mM InsP6 + 15 mM Ins; a control group received no inositol compounds. Animals (55-day-old) were given a single dose of DMBA (20 mg) in 1 ml of sesame oil by oral intubation. Four additional groups not receiving DMBA, but drinking tap water, InsP6, Ins, or InsP6 + Ins of the same molarity as experimental groups were observed for the duration of the study to monitor for any putative toxicity following this long-term treatment. As opposed to the DMBA-only group, rats treated with InsP6 +/- Ins showed a 48% reduction in the number of tumors/tumor bearing animal (tumor multiplicity) and a 40% reduction in the number of tumors/rat. In contrast to 20% rats in DMBA-only group, only 0-8% animals in the treatment group had 5 or more tumors. Likewise, the tumor incidence was reduced by 19% in InsP6 +/- Ins as compared to control untreated animals. The tumors in the treated groups were also 16% smaller in size. Data from this pilot study suggest that in addition to being effective against colon cancer, InsP6 +/- Ins may be protective against mammary carcinoma as well; additional studies are however warranted.



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